How on the basis of the Torah do we know about the resurrection of the dead?
How on the basis of the Torah do we know
about the resurrection of the dead?
Tsadok Ben Derech
LUKE 20 (Peshitta translation):
27 And some of the Sadducees came near, those who were saying that there is no resurrection, and they asked him
28 and said to him, "Teacher, Moses wrote to us, 'If a brother of a man, who has a wife, should die without children, he should take the wife of his brother and raise up seed for his brother.'
29 Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife and died without children.
30 And the second took her for his wife, and this [one] died without children.
31 And the third took her again, and so also the seven of them. And they died and did not leave children.
32 And finally the woman also died.
33 Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife will she be, for seven of them married her?"
34 Yeshua said to them, "The children of this world take women and women are [given] to men,
35 but those who are worthy of that world and of the resurrection that is from the dead neither take women nor are women [given] to men.
36 For neither are they able to die again, for they are like the angels and are sons of Elohim, because they are sons of the resurrection.
37 Now that the dead will rise even Moses showed, for he mentioned [it] at the bush when he said: YHWH, THE ELOHIM OF ABRAHAM AND THE ELOHIM OF ISAAC AND THE ELOHIM OF JACOB [Exodus 3:6].
38 And he is not the Elohim of the dead, but of the living, for all are alive to him."
39 And some of the scribes answered and said to him, "Teacher, you have spoken well."
TALMUD BAVLI, M. SANHEDRIN 91B:
I.26 A. Our rabbis have taught on Tannaite authority: “I kill and I make alive” (Deut. 32:39).”
B. Is it possible to suppose that there is death for one person and life for the other, just as the world is accustomed [now]?
C. Scripture says, “I wound and I heal” (Deut. 32:39).
D. Just as wounding and healing happen to one person, so death and then resurrection happen to one person.
E. From this fact we derive an answer to those who say, “There is no evidence of the resurrection of the dead based on the teachings of the Torah.”
I.27 A. It has been taught on Tannaite authority:
B. R. Meir says, “How on the basis of the Torah do we know about the resurrection of the dead?
C. “As it is said, ‘Then shall Moses and the children of Israel sing this song to the Lord’ (Ex. 15:1).
D. “What is said is not ‘sang’ but ‘will sing,’ on the basis of which there is proof from the Torah of the resurrection of the dead.
E. “Along these same lines: ‘Then shall Joshua build an altar to the Lord God of Israel’ (Josh. 8:30).
F. “What is said is not ‘built’ but ‘will build,’ on the basis of which there is proof from the Torah of the resurrection of the dead.
G. Then what about this verse: “Then will Solomon build a high place for Chemosh, abomination of Moab” (1 Kgs. 11:7)? Does it mean that he will build it? Rather, the Scripture treats him as though he had built it [even though he had merely thought about doing so].
I.28 A. Said R. Joshua b. Levi, “How on the basis of Scripture may we prove the resurrection of the dead?
B. “As it is said, ‘Blessed are those who dwell in your house, they shall ever praise you, selah’ (Ps. 84:5).
C. “What is said is not ‘praised you’ but ‘shall praise you,’ on the basis of which there is proof from the Torah of the resurrection of the dead.”
D. And R. Joshua b. Levi said, “Whoever recites the song [of praise] in this world will have the merit of saying it in the world to come,
E. “as it is said, ‘Happy are those who dwell in you house, they shall ever praise you, selah’ (Ps. 84:5).”
F. Said R. Hiyya b. Abba said R. Yohanan, “On what basis do we know about the resurrection of the dead from Scripture.”
G. “As it says, ‘Your watchman shall lift up the voice, with the voice together they shall sing (Is. 52:8).’ ”
H. What is said is not ‘sang’ but ‘will sing’ on the basis of which there is proof from the Torah of the resurrection of the dead”.
 Neusner, J. (2011). The Babylonian Talmud: A Translation and Commentary (Vol. 16, p. 486–487). Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers.