Canonizations of the International Nazarene Beit Din

05/03/2016 20:06

Canonizations of the 

International Nazarene Beit Din

 

 

Canonization of the Tanak

 

The International Nazarene Beit Din recognizes the following books as canon for the Tanak:

 

THE TORAH

Genesis

Exodus

Leviticus

Numbers

Deuteronomy

 

THE PROPHETS

Joshua

Judges

1st Samuel

2nd Samuel

1st Kings

2nd Kings

Isaiah

Jeremiah

Ezekiel

Hosea

Joel

Amos

Obadiah

Jonah

Micah

Nahum

Habakkuk

Zephaniah

Haggai

Zechariah

Malachi

 

THE WRITINGS

Psalms

Proverbs

Job

Song of Songs

Ruth

Lamentations

Ecclesiastes

Esther

Daniel

Ezra

Nehemiah

1Chronicles

2Chronicles

 

This canonization is general and does not seek to resolve the issue of the priority of the long or short versions of Esther and Daniel.

 

Canonization of the Ketuvim Netzarim

 

Today the International Nazarene has taken the important step of officially canonizing the following books of the Ketuvim Netzarim. This should not be construed to mean that in the past we have not regarded these books as canonical, but it seemed appropriate that a Nazarene authority should officially declare these books as canon rather than appealing to any authority from the Roman Catholic Councils of Nicaea or Trent.

 

Mattitityahu (Matthew)

Mark

Luke

Yochanan (John)

 

Acts

Ya’akov (James)

1Kefa (1Peter)

2Kefa (2Peter)

1Yochanan (1John)

2Yochanan (2John)

3Yochanan (3John)

Y’hufah (Jude)

Romans

1Corinthians

2Corinthians

Galatians

Ephesians

Philippians

Colossians

1Thessalonians

2Thessalonians

1Timothy

2Timothy

Titus

Philemon

Hebrews

Revelation

 

It is important to note that the Beit Din considered and dismissed Monte Judah’s arguments against the authority of the book of Hebrews.

 

Canonization of the Apocrypha

 

CANONICITY OF THE TWELVE BOOKS OF THE APOCRYPHA

We the International Nazarene Beit Din do hereby declare the following books to be part of the Nazarene Canon:

 

1st Esdras

2nd Esdras (chapters 3-14)

Tobit

Judith

Wisdom of Solomon

Ben Sira

Baruch

Letter of Jeremiah

1st Maccabees

2nd Maccabees

3rd Maccabees

4th Maccabees

 

We have no hesitation in pronouncing these twelve books it to be works of Divine inspiration, great antiquity and interest, and books that are entitled to a great circulation among those who take pleasure in studying the Word of YHWH. We declare that these twelve books are profitable for teaching (doctrine) and for reproof and for correction and for instruction in righteousness. While we pronounce these books to be part of the official canon of the Assembly, we do allow that a person who does not accept the canonicity of these books may still personally be in good standing with the Assembly.

 (Passed by the International Nazarene Beit Din 1-12-10)

 

Canonicity of the Book of Enoch

 

CANONICITY OF THE BOOK OF ENOCH

We the International Nazarene Beit Din do hereby declare Book of Enoch to be part of the Nazarene Canon.

We have no hesitation in pronouncing this book to be a work of Divine inspiration, great antiquity and interest, and a book that is entitled to a great circulation among those who take pleasure in studying the Word of YHWH.  We declare that this book is profitable for teaching (doctrine) and for reproof and for correction and for instruction in righteousness. While we pronounce this books to be part of the official canon of the Assembly, we do allow that a person who does not accept the canonicity of this books may still personally be in good standing with the Assembly.

While the Beit Din recognizes the canonical status of the Book of Enoch in general, there are issues concerning the Calendar Section which must be addressed. When the Beit Din declares any book Canon, it means that we recognize that the autograph was inspired. In the case of the Book of Enoch the autograph was in Hebrew and none of the original Hebrew have come down to us, and only fragments of the Aramaic version have survived. The complete text survives only in an Ethiopic translation. In regards to the Calendar section, enough of the Aramaic survives to make it clear that it did not closely agree with the surviving Ethiopic Version, yet not enough of the Aramaic survives to reconstruct its meaning. Moreover there is question as to whether the calendar presented in 1st Enoch was intended as an actual alternative to the traditional Hebrew calendar for the keeping of feasts, or had some other use, perhaps astronomical. Therefore we do not advocate this calendar as a matter of halacha.

It should be understood that “Book of Enoch” refers only to 1st Enoch and not to 2nd or 3rd Enoch.

(Passed by the International Nazarene Beit Din 1-17-10)

 

Canoniazation of the Book of Jasher

 

We the International Nazarene Beit Din do hereby declare Book of Jasher to be part of the Nazarene Canon.

We have no hesitation in pronouncing this book to be a work of Divine inspiration, great antiquity and interest, and a book that is entitled to a great circulation among those who take pleasure in studying the Word of YHWH.

We declare that this book is profitable for teaching (doctrine) and for reproof and for correction and for instruction in righteousness. While we pronounce this book to be part of the official canon of the Assembly, we do allow that a person who does not accept the canonicity of this book may still personally be in good standing with the Assembly.

While the Beit Din recognizes the canonical status of the Book of Jasher in general, there is currently only one Hebrew witness to the text and it dates only to 1625 CE. To the extent that the current text reflects the original book cited in the Tanak (Josh. 10:13 & 2Sam. 1:18) it is to be regarded as canon.

(Passed June 8, 2010)

 

Canonization of the Gospel according to the Hebrews

Obviously a true restoration of the ancient sect of the Nazarenes should, by definition, include the Gospel according to the Hebrews.

We the International Nazarene Beit Din do hereby declare the Gospel according to the Hebrews to be part of the Nazarene Canon.

We have no hesitation in pronouncing this book to be a work of Divine inspiration, great antiquity and interest, and a book that is entitled to a great circulation among those who take pleasure in studying the Word of YHWH.

We declare that this book is profitable for teaching (doctrine) and for reproof and for correction and for instruction in righteousness. While we pronounce this book to be part of the official canon of the Assembly, we do allow that a person who does not accept the canonicity of this book may still personally be in good standing with the Assembly.

While the Beit Din recognizes the canonical status of the Gospel according to the Hebrews in general, the book only has survived to us in the form of about fifty quotations from so-called "Church Fathers" or as notations on other manuscripts. These and other sources have served as the basis for a reconstruction of the original Gospel according to the Hebrews by James Scott Trimm. To the extent that the reconstructed text reflects the original it is to be regarded as canon.

 (Passed June 16, 2010)

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